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a plate with thai green papaya salad called som tam

Thai Green Papaya Salad (Som Tam)

3 from 5 votes
In Thai, Green Papaya Salada is called Som Tam, which means to “pound the sour”. Crispy, fresh, sweet, spicy, sour and umami (natural, please!), check the recipe for this flavourful Thai dish.
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 5 minutes
Total Time 20 minutes
Course Appetizer, Salad, Side Dish
Cuisine Thailand
Servings 1 portion

Adjust servings


  • 1 cup of green papaya - shredded
  • 2 cloves of garlic
  • ½ tomato
  • 1 long bean - or 3 regular green beans
  • 1 tbsp dried shrimp
  • 1 tbsp roasted peanut
  • 1-3 fresh red chillies - or green chillies (small)
  • 1 lime
  • 1 tbsp of fish sauce
  • 1 tbsp of palm sugar


  • Cut the long beans in 2 cm pieces and put in the mortar with garlic and chillies.
  • Pound gently to break the ingredients.
  • Add the sugar, fish sauce, and lime juice.
  • Cut the tomato into 4 pieces and add into the mortar.
  • Add the shredded green papaya.
  • Pound it gently with one hand while you mix with the spoon in the other hand by turning from the bottom to top. Keep doing this move until well mixed.
  • Taste and adjust the ingredients, if necessary.
  • Lastly, add dried shrimp and roasted peanuts, mix all together.
  • It’s ready to serve.


Large Mortar and Pestle


  • It’s better to prepare this papaya salad in a big and deep mortar; if not you can improvise with a big bowl and a pestle.
  • The amount of chilli depends on the tolerance of each person. Give preference to fresh red or green chilis.
  • You can replace the green papaya with cucumber, zucchini, green mango or even green apple.
  • In Laos and some regions of Thailand, the fermented fish sauce called Padaek is used in the papaya salad instead of the Thai sauce (Nam Pla).
  • Nam pla can be found at any Asian product store. If not, use soy sauce instead, but the result will be quite different.
  • Try to replace the palm sugar with brown sugar or raw sugar cane. The important thing is to be an unrefined sugar to get flavours beyond sweet.
  • You can add one small crab in the mortar and pound it together with the other ingredients.
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